McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y
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Douglas McGregor, strongly influenced by the human relations movement in general and Maslow's work in particular, developed his famous "Theory X and Theory Y" as a way of describing two basic (and conflicting) views of human behaviour:
- Theory X is the assumption that most people prefer to be directed, are not interested in assuming responsibility, have a high need for safety, and are primarily motivated by money, fringe benefits, and the threat of punishment.
- Theory Y assumes that most people are not, by nature, lazy and unreliable and postulates that people can be self-directive.
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